Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn about MySQL stored procedures, their advantages, and disadvantages.
Definition of stored procedures
A stored procedure is a segment of declarative SQL statements stored inside the database catalog. A stored procedure can be invoked by triggers, other stored procedures, and applications such as Java, Python, PHP.
A stored procedure that calls itself is known as a recursive stored procedure. Most database management systems support recursive stored procedures. However, MySQL does not support it very well. You should check your version of MySQL database before implementing recursive stored procedures in MySQL.
Stored Procedures in MySQL
MySQL is known as the most popular open source RDBMS which is widely used by both community and enterprise. However, during the first decade of its existence, it did not support stored procedures, stored functions, triggers, and events. Since MySQL version 5.0, those features were added to the MySQL database engine to make it more flexible and powerful.
MySQL stored procedures advantages
- Typically, stored procedures help increase the performance of the applications. Once created, stored procedures are compiled and stored in the database. However, MySQL implements the stored procedures slightly different. MySQL stored procedures are compiled on demand. After compiling a stored procedure, MySQL puts it into a cache and maintains its own stored procedure cache for every single connection. If an application uses a stored procedure multiple times in a single connection, the compiled version is used, otherwise, the stored procedure works like a query.
- Stored procedures help reduce the traffic between application and database server because instead of sending multiple lengthy SQL statements, the application has to send only the name and parameters of the stored procedure.
- Stored procedures are reusable and transparent to any applications. Stored procedures expose the database interface to all applications so that developers do not have to develop functions that are already supported in stored procedures.
- Stored procedures are secure. The database administrator can grant appropriate permissions to applications that access stored procedures in the database without giving any permissions on the underlying database tables.
Besides those advantages, stored procedures have their own disadvantages, which you should be aware of before using them in your databases.
MySQL stored procedures disadvantages
- If you use many stored procedures, the memory usage of every connection that is using those stored procedures will increase substantially. In addition, if you overuse a large number of logical operations inside stored procedures, the CPU usage will increase because the database server is not well-designed for logical operations.
- Stored procedure’s constructs are not designed for developing complex and flexible business logic.
- It is difficult to debug stored procedures. Only a few database management systems allow you to debug stored procedures. Unfortunately, MySQL does not provide facilities for debugging stored procedures.
- It is not easy to develop and maintain stored procedures. Developing and maintaining stored procedures are often required a specialized skill set that not all application developers possess. This may lead to problems in both application development and maintenance phases.
MySQL stored procedures have their own advantages and disadvantages. When you develop applications, you should decide whether or not to use stored procedures based on your application’s architecture.
In the following tutorials, we will show you how to leverage MySQL stored procedures in your database programming tasks with many practical examples.