Summary: in this tutorial, we will discuss MySQL temporary table and show you how to create, use and drop temporary tables.
Introduction to MySQL temporary table
In MySQL, a temporary table is a special type of table that allows you to store a temporary result set, which you can reuse several times in a single session. A temporary table is very handy when it is impossible or expensive to query data that requires a single SELECT statement with JOIN clauses. You often use temporary tables in stored procedures to store immediate result sets for the subsequent uses.
MySQL temporary tables have some additional features:
- A temporary table is created by using
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLEstatement. Notice that the
TEMPORARYkeyword is added between
- MySQL drops the temporary table automatically when the session ends or connection is terminated. Of course, you can use the DROP TABLE statement to drop a temporary table explicitly when you are no longer use it.
- A temporary table is only available and accessible by the client who creates the table.
- Different clients can create a temporary table with the same name without causing errors because only the client who creates a temporary table can see it. However, in the same session, two temporary tables cannot have the same name.
- A temporary table can have the same name as an existing table in a database. For example, if you create a temporary table named
employeesin the sample database, the existing
employeestable becomes inaccessible. Every query you issue against the
employeestable refers to the
employeestemporary table. When you remove the
employeestemporary table, the permanent
employeestable is available and accessible again. Though this is allowed however it is not recommended to create a temporary table whose name is same as a name of a permanent table because it may lead to a confusion. For example, the connection to the MySQL database server is lost and you reconnect to the server automatically, you cannot differentiate between the temporary table and the permanent table. In the worst case, you may issue a
DROP TABLEstatement to remove the permanent table instead of the temporary table, which is not expected.
Create MySQL temporary table
Like the CREATE TABLE statement, MySQL provides many options to create a temporary table. To create a temporary table, you just add the
TEMPORARY keyword to the
CREATE TABLE statement.
For example, the following statement creates a top 10 customers by revenue temporary table based on the result set of a
CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE top10customers
FROM payments p
INNER JOIN customers c ON c.customerNumber = p.customerNumber
GROUP BY p.customerNumber
ORDER BY total DESC
Now, you can query data from the
top10customers temporary table as from a permanent table:
SELECT * FROM top10customers
Drop MySQL temporary table
You can use the DROP TABLE statement to remove temporary tables however it is good practice to use the
DROP TEMPORARY TABLE statement instead. Because the
DROP TEMPORARY TABLE removes only temporary tables, not the permanent tables. In addition, the
DROP TEMPORARY TABLE statement helps you avoid the mistake of removing a permanent table when you name your temporary table the same as the name of the permanent table.
For example, to remove the
top10customers temporary table, you use the following statement:
DROP TEMPORARY TABLE top10customers
Notice that if you try to remove a permanent table with the
DROP TEMPORARY TABLE statement, you will get an error message saying that the table you are trying drop is unknown.
Note if you develop an application that uses a connection pooling or persistent connections, it is not guaranteed that the temporary tables are removed automatically when your application is terminated. Because the database connection that the application used may be still open and is placed in a connection pool for other clients to reuse it. This means you should always remove the temporary tables that you created whenever you are done with them.
In this tutorial, you have learned about MySQL temporary table and its characteristic. We also gave you an example of how to create, use and drop a temporary table.